Walnuts are a traditional component of the Mediterranean diet and a key ingredient in the landmark PREDIMED study.

A Mediterranean diet is based on foods that are commonly eaten in countries that border the Mediterranean Sea, including Italy, Greece, Spain and Turkey. Fortunately, you can enjoy the benefits of this way of eating no matter where you live. Plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, nuts (like walnuts), whole grains, beans and extra virgin olive oil are the focus of this eating pattern, along with moderate amounts of fish, poultry, eggs, dairy and wine. Walnuts have a rich past dating back thousands of years and have historically been a key part of the Mediterranean diet. Today, U.S. walnuts are primarily grown in California for the climate is similar to that of Mediterranean countries.

Walnuts were a key component in the landmark PREDIMED study (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea, or Prevention with Mediterranean Diet) study. This research showed that a Mediterranean diet which includes nuts (primarily walnuts) or extra-virgin olive oil, may reduce the risk for heart disease and stroke, compared to a low-fat diet.1 Study participants were older adults who lived in Spain and were at high risk for cardiovascular disease. More research is needed to understand the health benefits in other populations.

See below for the latest walnut health research as well as Mediterranean diet recipes and tips.

1Estruch R, Ros E, Salas-Salvadó J, et al. Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet. N Engl J Med. 2013;368(14):1279-90.


Published Research - PREDIMED and the Mediterranean Diet

Mediterranean Diet Recipes

Mediterranean Diet Recipes

The many nutritious recipes compiled here make adopting this delicious way of eating easier and tastier than ever!


Cook Books

Cook Books

Mollie Katzen's Free E-Book, "Mollie's Favorite Walnut Recipes"

Download this free e-book showcasing more than 70 of Mollie Katzen's favorite recipes, each featuring one of her most-loved ingredients: California walnuts.